The Dankal Red Line is the backbone of the Tel Aviv metropolitan area’s mass transit system. It passes through some of the most crowded areas of the metropolitan area and serves around 70 million passengers each year.
The Red Line of the Light Rails starts at the Petah Tikvah central station and continues to Beilenson Hospital and along Jabotinsky Road in Bnei Brak and Ramat Gan. It passes near the Tel Aviv Savidor station of the Israel Rail and Azrieli Center and continues along Begin Road to Drom Ha’Kirya, Neve Tsedek, Jerusalem Boulevard in Jaffa, and ends in the south part of Bat Yam.
The line is 25 kilometers long, of which 12 kilometers are underground, between Elipelet station in Neve Tsedek and Shenkar station in Petah Tikvah, near the Geha Interchange.
The Red Line consists of 34 stations, 24 at ground level and 10 underground. The distance between underground stations is one kilometer.
Underground, the train has exclusive right of way in the tunnel (no crossing vehicles or pedestrians). Above ground, the train travels on exclusive tracks and enjoys priority in junctions to make the ride as continuous and accurate as possible.
The Red Line’s Operation Control Center
The Red Line’s Operation Control Center (OCC) is the “central nervous system” of the mass transit operation array. The center is located at the Red Line’s Operation and Maintenance Center (depot) and includes three sub-centers.
The Operation Control Room (OCR) coordinates all the operational functions related to the operation and safety of the train. The room includes four functional workstations for traffic management, energy, structure and fire safety management, passenger information system management, and a control room manager station. These workstations allow control room operators to supervise the regular operation of the Red Line, ensure safe operation, activate various emergency and operation systems, meet schedules and service goals and respond to operational and safety emergencies.
The Security Operation Center (SOC) includes workstations for operators of the security management command and control system. The center assists the armed security teams of the Red Line to carry out their tasks during regular operation and emergencies. In addition, it is responsible for monitoring alerts from many security cameras and entry control, breaking and peripheral defense systems located around the Red Line to protect it.
The Traffic Light Control Center (TLC) includes workstations for overseeing the traffic light system installed along the ground level eastern and southern route of the Red Line. These workstations, manned by the center’s operators and shift manager, include a control system to prioritize the Light Rail in junctions and control cameras to ensure that the mass transit system meet its schedules and service goals.
In addition to these centers, the Red Line includes a few other control centers, such as the Network Operations Center (NOC) used to monitor wired communication networks, the Cyber Security Operations Center (CSOC) used to identify and prevent cyber-attacks on the Light Rail systems in general and critical operation systems, such as signaling, in particular, the Depot Control Center (DCC) used to manage operations at the Operations and Maintenance Center, the Maintenance Control Center (MCS) used to manage regular and emergency maintenance operations, and the Crisis Room used by the Red Line’s operator, maintenance bodies, NTA, the Israel Police and other emergency and rescue authorities during a crisis event.
The Red Line tunnels
How long is the underground section of the Red Line? How were the tunnels excavated? And what does Golda Meir have to do with any of it? Enter this link to find out.