- The Red Line
Tel Aviv Yafo, the second largest town in Israel and its economic, cultural and transportation capital, is also the heart of the public transportation networks in general, and of the Light Rail and Metro in particular. Tel Aviv was founded in 1909 as a neighborhood adjacent to Jaffa (Yafo), an ancient town already mentioned in the Bible. Tel Aviv developed quickly, among other reasons, due to the great immigration waves of the 1920s and 1930s, and, in 1934, it became a town. Shortly after the establishment of the State of Israel, the two towns were united and became “Tel Aviv Yafo”.
Israel’s declaration of independence was made in Tel Aviv, and the town also served as the new state’s capital until 1949. In fact, many government institutions, companies and security bodies are still located in Tel Aviv.
Being the country’s economic and business center, it attracts a million commuters every day, posing a great challenge from a planning and transportation perspective.
Tel Aviv Yafo is a major transportation junction and the focus of national and regional public transportation. Two intercity bus terminals operate in Tel Aviv Yafo (the 2000 Terminal and the New Central Station) as well as several stations of the Israel Rail, and all lines of the Light Rail and two of the three Metro lines will operate in it.